Long-term performance of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in young and middle-aged stroke survivors: Results from SAHLSIS outcome
Background: Although stroke prevalence is increasing and large proportions of stroke survivors are expected to live many years after stroke onset, research on the long-term consequences of stroke for instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is limited.
Aim: To explore performance of IADL seven years post-stroke onset and identify predictors of long-term IADL performance based on commonly employed acute measures and demographic characteristics in young and middle-aged stroke survivors.
Methods: Data on stroke survivors were collected from SAHLSIS. IADL performance was assessed at 7 years using the Frenchay Activities Index (FAI). Demographic data and baseline measures were assessed as predictors of FAI outcome, using logistic regression.
Results: 237 stroke survivors with a median age of 63 at follow-up were included. Participants had predominantly suffered a mild stroke and >90% lived at home with no community services. Mean FAI was 25.7(score range 0-45), indicating reduced levels of participation in IADL. Frequency of performance of IADL was lowest for work/leisure activities. Gender, cohabitation status, initial stroke severity and baseline score on mRS were independently associated with IADL outcome.
Conclusions: Reduced levels of participation in IADL persist many years after stroke onset and indicate a need to adapt a long-term perspective on stroke rehabilitation.