3 years ago

A randomized trial of automated intermittent ropivacaine administration vs. continuous infusion in an interscalene catheter

J. Oxlund, P. Toft, A. H. Clausen, M. Pall, T. Strøm, M. D. Nielsen, S. Venø
Background Ultrasound-guided interscalene nerve block with ropivacaine as local anesthetic agent given as boluses or continuous infusion is the preferred pain management after major shoulder surgery. The use of automated intermittent boluses has been shown to be superior to continuous infusion in sciatic and epidural nerve block. Hypothesis: Automated intermittent boluses reduce pain after major shoulder surgery. Methods Seventy patients aged 18–75 years, scheduled for major shoulder surgery under general anesthesia with interscalene nerve block were included in this randomized controlled trial. Patients were allocated to either automated intermittent boluses with 16 mg ropivacaine every 2 h combined with patient-controlled administration or to a conventional regimen of continuous infusion of 8 mg/h (4 ml/h) of ropivacaine combined with patient controlled administration (2 ml, lockout time 30 min). Pain (Visual Analog Scale, VAS) was assessed every 8 h postoperatively. Results Fifty-seven patients completed the study, 29 in the continuous infusion group and 28 in the automated intermittent bolus group. Shoulder arthroplasty was performed in 49 (86%) of the cases. There were no significant differences in VAS score from 8 to 48 h post-operatively. No significant difference in opioid usage was observed. The automated intermittent bolus group reported significantly less force on coughing and more hoarseness. A significantly lower volume of ropivacaine was used in the automated intermittent bolus group. Conclusion Automated intermittent boluses did not reduce pain or rescue opioid consumption compared with continuous infusion of ropivacaine. The automated intermittent bolus group had significantly less force on coughing and more hoarseness.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/aas.13011

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.