3 years ago

New free-exchange model of EmrE transport [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

New free-exchange model of EmrE transport [Biophysics and Computational Biology]
Emma A. Morrison, Bryan M. Balthazor, Anne E. Robinson, Nathan E. Thomas, Katherine A. Henzler-Wildman

EmrE is a small multidrug resistance transporter found in Escherichia coli that confers resistance to toxic polyaromatic cations due to its proton-coupled antiport of these substrates. Here we show that EmrE breaks the rules generally deemed essential for coupled antiport. NMR spectra reveal that EmrE can simultaneously bind and cotransport proton and drug. The functional consequence of this finding is an exceptionally promiscuous transporter: not only can EmrE export diverse drug substrates, it can couple antiport of a drug to either one or two protons, performing both electrogenic and electroneutral transport of a single substrate. We present a free-exchange model for EmrE antiport that is consistent with these results and recapitulates ∆pH-driven concentrative drug uptake. Kinetic modeling suggests that free exchange by EmrE sacrifices coupling efficiency but boosts initial transport speed and drug release rate, which may facilitate efficient multidrug efflux.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.