3 years ago

Structure and function of yeast Atg20, a sorting nexin that facilitates autophagy induction [Cell Biology]

Structure and function of yeast Atg20, a sorting nexin that facilitates autophagy induction [Cell Biology]
Michael J. Ragusa, Daniel J. Klionsky, Jenny E. Hinshaw, Hana Popelka, Alejandro Damasio

The Atg20 and Snx4/Atg24 proteins have been identified in a screen for mutants defective in a type of selective macroautophagy/autophagy. Both proteins are connected to the Atg1 kinase complex, which is involved in autophagy initiation, and bind phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate. Atg20 and Snx4 contain putative BAR domains, suggesting a possible role in membrane deformation, but they have been relatively uncharacterized. Here we demonstrate that, in addition to its function in selective autophagy, Atg20 plays a critical role in the efficient induction of nonselective autophagy. Atg20 is a dynamic posttranslationally modified protein that engages both structurally stable (PX and BAR) and intrinsically disordered domains for its function. In addition to its PX and BAR domains, Atg20 uses a third membrane-binding module, a membrane-inducible amphipathic helix present in a previously undescribed location in Atg20 within the putative BAR domain. Taken together, these findings yield insights into the molecular mechanism of the autophagy machinery.

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.