3 years ago

Fast Organic Near-Infrared Photodetectors Based on Charge-Transfer Absorption

Fast Organic Near-Infrared Photodetectors Based on Charge-Transfer Absorption
Andreas Mischok, Koen Vandewal, Andreas Hofacker, Johannes Benduhn, Bernhard Siegmund, Sascha Ullbrich, Donato Spoltore
We present organic near-infrared photodetectors based on the absorption of charge-transfer (CT) states at the zinc-phthalocyanine–C60 interface. By using a resonant optical cavity device architecture, we achieve a narrowband detection, centered around 1060 nm and well below (>200 nm) the optical gap of the neat materials. We measure transient photocurrent responses at wavelengths of 532 and 1064 nm, exciting dominantly the neat materials or the CT state, respectively, and obtain rise and fall times of a few nanoseconds at short circuit, independent of the excitation wavelength. The current transients are modeled with time-dependent drift-diffusion simulations of electrons and holes which reconstruct the photocurrent signal, including capacitance and series resistance effects. The hole mobility of the donor material is identified as the limiting factor for the high-frequency response. With this knowledge, we demonstrate a new device concept, which balances hole and electron extraction times and achieves a cutoff frequency of 68 MHz upon 1064 nm CT excitation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02571

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02571

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