3 years ago

High-performance and versatile electrochemical aptasensor based on self-supported nanoporous gold microelectrode and enzyme-induced signal amplification

High-performance and versatile electrochemical aptasensor based on self-supported nanoporous gold microelectrode and enzyme-induced signal amplification
Herein, novel and versatile electrochemical aptasensors were constructed on a self-supported nanoporous gold (np-Au) microelectrode, integrating with an exonuclease III (Exo III) induced signal amplification strategy. Self-supported np-Au microelectrode with 3D bicontinuous nanoporous structures possesses tremendously large specific area, clean surface, high stability and biocompatibility, bringing about significant advantages in both molecular recognition and signal response. As paradigms, two analytes of bisphenol A (BPA) and ochratoxin A (OTA) were selected to demonstrate the superiority and versatility of designed aptasensors. Trace amounts of mDNA (associated with BPA or OTA concentration) hybridized with cDNA strands assembled on np-Au microelectrode, activating the cleavage reaction with Exo III. Thus, cDNA was digested and mDNA was released to undergo a new hybridization and cleavage cycle. Finally, residual cDNA strands were recognized by methylene blue labelled rDNA/AuNPs with the assistance of hDNA to generate the electrochemical signals, which were used to quantitatively monitor targets. Under the optimized conditions, prepared aptasensors exhibited wide linear ranges (25pg/mL to 2ng/mL for BPA, 10pg/mL to 5ng/mL for OTA) with ultralow detection limits (10pg/mL for BPA, 5pg/mL for OTA), excellent selectivity and stability, and reliable detection in real samples. This work opens a new horizon for constructing promising electrochemical aptasensors for environmental monitoring, medical diagnostics and food safety.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0956566317307248

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