3 years ago

Organic Gelators as Growth Control Agents for Stable and Reproducible Hybrid Perovskite-Based Solar Cells

Organic Gelators as Growth Control Agents for Stable and Reproducible Hybrid Perovskite-Based Solar Cells
Neil D. Treat, Silvia Colella, Andrea Listorti, Sofia Masi, Giuseppe Gigli, Rahim Munir, Antonella Giuri, Natalie Stingelin, Aurora Rizzo, Aram Amassian, Carola Esposito Corcione
Low-molecular-weight organic gelators are widely used to influence the solidification of polymers, with applications ranging from packaging items, food containers to organic electronic devices, including organic photovoltaics. Here, this concept is extended to hybrid halide perovskite-based materials. In situ time-resolved grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering measurements performed during spin coating reveal that organic gelators beneficially influence the nucleation and growth of the perovskite precursor phase. This can be exploited for the fabrication of planar n-i-p heterojunction devices with MAPbI3 (MA = CH3NH3+) that display a performance that not only is enhanced by ≈25% compared to solar cells where the active layer is produced without the use of a gelator but that also features a higher stability to moisture and a reduced hysteresis. Most importantly, the presented approach is straightforward and simple, and it provides a general method to render the film formation of hybrid perovskites more reliable and robust, analogous to the control that is afforded by these additives in the processing of commodity “plastics.” Organic gelators, widely used in the processing of commodity “plastics,” are applied to hybrid halide perovskites solidification. They are shown to beneficially influence the nucleation and growth of the perovskite sol–gel precursor phase, leading to a material characterized by a higher stability to moisture and a reduced hysteresis in planar n-i-p heterojunction solar cells.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201602600

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