3 years ago

Structural Disruption of an Adenosine-Binding DNA Aptamer on Graphene: Implications for Aptasensor Design

Structural Disruption of an Adenosine-Binding DNA Aptamer on Graphene: Implications for Aptasensor Design
We report on the predicted structural disruption of an adenosine-binding DNA aptamer adsorbed via noncovalent interactions on aqueous graphene. The use of surface-adsorbed biorecognition elements on device substrates is needed for integration in nanofluidic sensing platforms. Upon analyte binding, the conformational change in the adsorbed aptamer may perturb the surface properties, which is essential for the signal generation mechanism in the sensor. However, at present, these graphene-adsorbed aptamer structure(s) are unknown, and are challenging to experimentally elucidate. Here we use molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the structure and analyte-binding properties of this aptamer, in the presence and absence of adenosine, both free in solution and adsorbed at the aqueous graphene interface. We predict this aptamer to support a variety of stable binding modes, with direct base–graphene contact arising from regions located in the terminal bases, the centrally located binding pockets, and the distal loop region. Considerable retention of the in-solution aptamer structure in the adsorbed state indicates that strong intra-aptamer interactions compete with the graphene–aptamer interactions. However, in some adsorbed configurations the analyte adenosines detach from the binding pockets, facilitated by strong adenosine–graphene interactions.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.7b00435

DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.7b00435

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