3 years ago

Transformation from FeS/Fe3C nanoparticles encased S, N dual doped carbon nanotubes to nanosheets for enhanced oxygen reduction performance

Transformation from FeS/Fe3C nanoparticles encased S, N dual doped carbon nanotubes to nanosheets for enhanced oxygen reduction performance
Carbon nanotubes-supported non-precious metal nanoparticles emerge as promising catalyst candidate for fuel cell. Although it is well known that carbon nanotubes can influence the catalytic activity of transition metal nanoparticles, insights into whether the unrolling of carbon nanotubes can be exploited to enhance the oxygen reduction performance are lacking. Herein we demonstrate the transformation from FeS/Fe3C nanoparticles coupled S, N dual doped carbon nanotubes (FeS/Fe3C@S, N-C) to nanosheets can yield the improved oxygen reduction performance. Under a glucose protective strategy, the walls of FeS/Fe3C@S, N-C nanotubes were unrolled and extended, creating FeS/Fe3C nanoparticles coupled S, N dual doped carbon nanosheets (FeS/Fe3C@S, N-C g(50)) with larger surface area and higher doping level, which allowed for the exposure of sufficient accessible active sites. Consequently, FeS/Fe3C@S,N-C g(50) exhibited an onset potential of 0.938 V, together with low peroxide yield, good selectivity and durability. Our investigations showed that the carbon matrix with an opened structure and abundant accessible active sites is critical to the electrocatalysts. Furthermore, the synergetic effect of the S, N dual doped carbon nanosheets and FeS/Fe3C nanoparticles contributed to the enhanced oxygen reduction activity. We expect the presented structure–activity relationship can provide guidance for future design of advanced electrocatalysts.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0008622317307339

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