3 years ago

Mono vs multilayer Fibronectin coatings on polar/hydrophobic/ionic polyurethanes: Altering surface interactions with human monocytes

Mono vs multilayer Fibronectin coatings on polar/hydrophobic/ionic polyurethanes: Altering surface interactions with human monocytes
Monocyte interactions with materials that are biofunctionalized with fibronectin (Fn) are of interest because of the documented literature which associates this protein with white blood cell function at implant sites. A degradable-polar hydrophobic ionic polyurethane (D-PHI), has been reported to promote an anti-inflammatory response from human monocytes. The aim of the current work was to study the influence of intrinsic D-PHI material chemistry on Fn adsorption (mono and multi-layer structures), and to investigate the influence of such chemistry on the structural state of the Fn, as well as the latter’s influence on the activity of human monocytes on the protein coated substrates. Significant differences in Fn adsorption, surface hydrophobicity and the availability of defined peptide sequences (N terminal, C terminal or Cell Binding Domain) for the Fn in mono vs multilayer structures were observed as a function of the changes in intrinsic material chemistry. A D-PHI-formulated polyurethane substrate with subtle changes in anionic and hydrophobic domain content relative to the polar non-ionic urethane/carbonate groups within the polymer matrix promoted the lowest activation of monocytes, in the presence of multi-layer Fn constructs. These results highlight the importance of chemical heterogeneity as a design parameter for biomaterial surfaces, and establishes a desired strategy for controlling human monocyte activity at the surface of devices, when these are coated with multi-layer Fn structures. The latter is an important step towards functionalizing the materials with multi-layer protein drug carriers as interventional therapeutic agents. Statement of Significance The control of the behavior of monocytes, especially migration and activation, is of crucial interest to modulate the inflammatory response at the site of implanted biomaterial. Several studies report the influence of adsorbed serum proteins on the behavior of monocytes on biomaterials. However, few studies show the influence of surface chemical group distribution on the controlled adsorption and the subsequent induced conformation- of mono versus multi-layer assembled structures generated from specific proteins implicated in wound repair. The current research considered the role of Fn adsorption and conformation in thin films while interacting with the intrinsic chemistry of segmented block polyurethanes; and the influence of the former on modulation and activation of human monocytes.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1742706117306906

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