3 years ago

A potential role of galectin-1 in promoting mouse trophoblast stem cell differentiation

Galectin-1 is highly expressed in blastocysts and trophoblast giant cells during implantation, and dysregulated galectin-1 is associated with many pregnancy-related abnormalities. Elevated galectin-1 contributes to cancer cells invasion. Here, we found that galectin-1 is expressed in mouse oocytes, preimplantation embryos (all stages), and trophoblast stem (TS) cells. Peak levels of galectin-1 mRNA and protein were detected on day 4 and day 5 after the induction of TS cells differentiation. Overexpression of galectin-1 increased TS cells migration and invasion, whereas knockdown of galectin-1 attenuated these effects. Additionally, knockdown of galectin-1 in TS cells decreased the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2/9, ZEB-1, Snail, N-cadherin, TGF-β, Nodal, and phospho-Smad2/3, whereas the expression of E-cadherin was increased. In contrast, overexpression of galectin-1 in TS cells increased the expression of MMP2/9, ZEB-1, and N-cadherin, whereas the expression of E-cadherin was decreased. These findings suggest a potential role of galectin-1 in the differentiation of mouse TS cells.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0303720717305683

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