3 years ago

A New Algorithm for Crossing Chronic Total Occlusions From the Asia Pacific Chronic Total Occlusion Club

A New Algorithm for Crossing Chronic Total Occlusions From the Asia Pacific Chronic Total Occlusion Club
Although the hybrid chronic total occlusion (CTO) algorithm had many excellent recommendations, there has been infrequent adoption in the Asia Pacific region. The Asia Pacific CTO club propose an algorithm for case selection based on the Japan-CTO score and a new CTO algorithm, which is applicable globally. This algorithm allows for differing skill sets and equipment availability and contains practical teaching for CTO percutaneous coronary intervention. Similar to the hybrid algorithm there are 3 main questions that determine whether the primary approach is antegrade or retrograde: 1) is there proximal cap ambiguity; 2) is the distal vessel of poor quality; and 3) are there interventional collaterals present. In contrast to the hybrid algorithm occlusion length alone does not determine the choice of either a wire escalation strategy or a dissection re-entry strategy. Rather a combination of factors including ambiguity of the vessel course, severe calcification, tortuosity, length, and previous failure are used to determine this. The role of intravascular ultrasound–guided entry to overcome proximal cap ambiguity and the CrossBoss catheter in occlusive in-stent restenosis are highlighted in the algorithm. Both the parallel wire technique and dissection re-entry with the Stingray system have been included as options when the initial antegrade wire passage fails. Intravascular ultrasound–guided wiring along with limited subintimal tracking and re-entry are included as final options in the algorithm. Finally, the algorithm incorporates guidance on when to stop the procedure. It is hoped that this algorithm will serve as the basis for future CTO percutaneous coronary intervention proctoring and training.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1936879817316953

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