3 years ago

The impact of global hemodynamics, oxygen and carbon dioxide on epileptiform EEG activity in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

To study the association between global hemodynamics, blood gases, epileptiform EEG activity and survival after out-of-hospital CA (0HCA). Methods We retrospectively analyzed 195 comatose post-CA patients. At least one EEG recording per patient was evaluated to diagnose epileptiform EEG activity. Refractory epileptiform EEG activity was defined as persisting epileptic activity on EEG despite the use of 2 or more anti-epileptics. The time weighted average mean arterial pressure 48hours (TWA-MAP48), the percentage of time with a MAP below 65 and above 85mmHg and the percentage of time with normoxia, hypoxia (<70mmHg), hyperoxia (>150mmHg), normocapnia, hypocapnia (<35mmHg) and hypercapnia (>45mmHg) were calculated. Results We observed epileptiform EEG activity in 57 patients (29%). A shockable rhythm was associated with a decreased likelihood of epileptic activity on the EEG (OR: 0.41, 95%CI 0.22-0.79). We did not identify an association between the TWA-MAP48, the percentage of time with MAP below 65mmHg or above 85mmHg, blood gas variables and the risk of post-CA epileptiform EEG activity. The presence of epileptiform activity decreased the likelihood of survival independently (OR: 0.10, 95% CI: 0.04-0.24). Interestingly, survival rates of patients in whom the epileptiform EEG resolved (n=20), were similar compared to patients without epileptiform activity on EEG (60% vs 67%,p=0.617). Other independent predictors of survival were presence of basic life support (BLS) (OR:5.08, 95% CI 1.98-13.98), presence of a shockable rhythm (OR: 7.03, 95% CI: 3.18- 16.55), average PaO2 (OR=0.93, CI 95% 0.90-0.96) and % time MAP < 65mmHg (OR: 0.96, CI 95% 0.94 −0.98). Conclusion Epileptiform EEG activity in post-CA patients is independently and inversely associated with survival and this effect is mainly driven by patients in whom this pattern is refractory over time despite treatment with anti-epileptic drugs. We did not identify an association between hemodynamic factors, blood gas variables and epileptiform EEG activity after CA, although both hypotension, hypoxia and epileptic EEG activity were predictors of survival.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0300957217307153

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