3 years ago

In silico direct folding of thrombin-binding aptamer G-quadruplex at all-atom level.

Mandar Kulkarni, Manho Lim, Changwon Yang, Youngshang Pak
The reversible folding of the thrombin-binding DNA aptamer G-quadruplexes (GQs) (TBA-15) starting from fully unfolded states was demonstrated using a prolonged time scale (10-12 μs) parallel tempering metadynamics (PTMetaD) simulation method in conjunction with a modified version of the AMBER bsc1 force field. For unbiased descriptions of the folding free energy landscape of TBA-15, this force field was minimally modified. From this direct folding simulation using the modified bsc1 force field, reasonably converged free energy landscapes were obtained in K+-rich aqueous solution (150 mM), providing detailed atomistic pictures of GQ folding mechanisms for TBA-15. This study found that the TBA folding occurred via multiple folding pathways with two major free energy barriers of 13 and 15 kcal/mol in the presence of several intermediate states of G-triplex variants. The early formation of these intermediates was associated with a single K+ ion capturing. Interestingly, these intermediate states appear to undergo facile transitions among themselves through relatively small energy barriers.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkx1079

DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkx1079

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.