3 years ago

The Utility Of Monitoring Trimellitic Anhydride (TMA)-Specific IgG To Predict IgE-mediated Sensitization in An Immunosurveillance Program

Cory Clay, Jonathan A. Bernstein, Debajyoti Ghosh
Background Workplace exposure to Trimellitic Anhydride (TMA) can elicit TMA-specific IgE (sIgE), which may lead to occupational asthma (OA). An occupational immunosurveillance program (OISP) has been implemented to monitor TMA exposure and immunologic outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether TMA-specific IgG (sIgG) responses can discriminate between TMA-exposed workers with and without sIgE responses. Methods Serum TMA-specific antibody (IgG, IgG4 and IgE) levels were estimated longitudinally (years 2006 to 2014) in TMA-exposed workers recruited in low, medium and high exposure areas. sIgG and sIgE titers plotted against exposure duration were compared between workers with (a) sIgG only and (b) with sIgG who developed sIgE. Results Among 92 TMA-exposed workers continuously monitored for sIgG and sIgE, 38 developed sIgG; 11 developed a sIgE response 342.38 ± 186.03 days post-hire and were removed from exposure. The average detection time of sIgG in removed workers (159±92 days) was significantly shorter than for actively exposed workers with only sIgG (346±187 days). Workers with earlier sIgG responses of higher titer (mean value 42.25 ug/ml) compared to delayed responders with lower sIgG titers (mean value 14.79 ug/ml) more frequently developed sIgE responses. Hierarchical clustering showed the initial magnitude and exposure time required for detectable sIgG production discriminated between workers with only sIgG from workers who subsequently produced sIgE. Conclusions This study demonstrates the utility of longitudinally monitoring TMA-specific antibodies in an OISP as exposed workers with early sIgG responses and of higher magnitude are more likely to develop TMA sIgE sensitization. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/all.13348

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