3 years ago

Three-dimensional endoscopy for endoscopic salvage nasopharyngectomy: Preliminary report of experience

William Ignace Wei, Jimmy Yu Wai Chan
Background Prospective, observational study to assess the efficacy of salvage nasopharyngectomy for recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) via the endoscopic endonasal approach using a three-dimensional (3D) high-definition endoscopic system. Methods Between 2016 and 2017, 30 patients with recurrent NPC were recruited. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and perioperative data were recorded. Instrument ergonomics and perceived advantages were assessed by the operating, assisting, and observing surgeons. Results The majority (70%) of patients received radiotherapy alone as the initial treatment for NPC, and tumor recurred after a mean interval of 16.8 months. The tumor (T) classifications of the recurrent (R) tumors were: RT1: 46.7%; RT2: 33.3%; and RT3: 20.0%. The mean operative time was 293.3 minutes, and no conversion to open approach was necessary. Internal carotid artery dissection was required in nine patients, and the resection and repair of dura was required in six patients. The most common method of reconstruction was free vastus lateralis flap (46.7%). Microscopically clear resection margins were achieved in 73.3% of patients. The mean hospital stay was 6.8 days. There was no hospital mortality. One patient developed minor secondary hemorrhage, whereas the other developed transient contralateral vocal cord paralysis. On quantitative assessment, surgeons noticed a significant advantage of the 3D system with regard to depth and size perception, anatomy identification, and hand–eye coordination, whereas there was no significant difference in terms of strain sensation and dizziness. Conclusion The 3D high-definition endoscopic system improves the precision of endoscopic nasopharyngectomy, particularly when dissection of the internal carotid artery and dura is required. Level of Evidence 4. Laryngoscope, 2017

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/lary.26993

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