3 years ago

Delayed Sequential Co-Delivery of Gefitinib and Doxorubicin for Targeted Combination Chemotherapy

Delayed Sequential Co-Delivery of Gefitinib and Doxorubicin for Targeted Combination Chemotherapy
Joo-Youp Lee, Susan E. Waltz, Vishnu Sriram, Zilan Zhou, Jinsoo Kim, Sasha J. Ruiz-Torres, Mina Jafari
There are an increasing number of studies showing the order of drug presentation plays a critical role in achieving optimal combination therapy. Here, a nanoparticle design is presented using ion pairing and drug-polymer conjugate for the sequential delivery of gefitinib (Gi) and doxorubicin (Dox) targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling applicable for the treatment of triple negative breast cancers. To realize this nanoparticle design, Gi complexed with dioleoyl phosphatidic acid (DOPA) via ion paring was loaded onto the nanoparticle made of Dox-conjugated poly(l-lactide)-block-polyethylene glycol (PLA-b-PEG) and with an encapsulation efficiency of ∼90%. The nanoparticle system exhibited a desired sequential release of Gi followed by Dox, as verified through release and cellular uptake studies. The nanoparticle system demonstrated approximate 4-fold and 3-fold increases in anticancer efficacy compared to a control group of Dox–PLA-PEG conjugate against MDA-MB-468 and A549 cell lines in terms of half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50), respectively. High tumor accumulation of the nanoparticle system was also substantiated for potential in vivo applicability by noninvasive fluorescent imaging.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00669

DOI: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00669

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