3 years ago

miR-200c suppresses endometriosis by targeting MALAT1 in vitro and in vivo

Qiong Zhang, Chaoyi Xu, Jing He, Zongwen Liang, Anqi Zhang, Yijie Chen, Yuan Zhao, Ping Duan, Danhan Wang, Wenfeng Hua

Abstract

Background

Endometriosis is a common, benign, and estrogen-dependent disease characterized by pelvic pain and infertility. To date, the pathogenesis of endometriosis remains unclear. Recent studies have demonstrated that noncoding RNAs, including microRNAs and long noncoding RNAs, play important roles in the development of endometriosis.

Methods

Expression profiling of miRNAs in endometrial tissue was characterized using microarrays. The most differentially expressed miRNAs were confirmed using quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis in additional ectopic endometrial (n = 27) and normal endometrial (n = 12) tissues. For in-vitro functional studies, 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine incorporation assay, Transwell assay, and dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to measure the proliferation, migration, and luciferase activity of miR-200c and the predicted targets of miR-200c in primary endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) derived from human endometrial biopsies, respectively. For in-vivo therapeutic interventions, polymeric nanoparticles of polyethylenimine–polyethylene glycol–arginine–glycine–aspartic acid were used for delivery of miR-200c mimic and inhibitor to determine the therapeutic effect of miR-200c in a rat model of endometriosis.

Results

Exogenous overexpression of miR-200c inhibited the proliferation and migration of HESCs, which were mainly regulated by metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1). In contrast, inhibition of miR-200c promoted the proliferation and migration of HESCs, while the simultaneous silencing of MALAT1 expression exerted the opposite effects. We demonstrated that expression of MALAT1 in ectopic endometrial specimens was negatively correlated with that of miR-200c and that MALAT1 knockdown increased the level of miR-200c in HESCs. Moreover, the transfection of endometrial stromal cells with the miR-200c mimic or MALAT1 siRNAs decreased the protein levels of mesenchymal markers ZEB1, ZEB2, and N-cadherin and increased the protein levels of the epithelial marker E-cadherin. Furthermore, using a rat endometriosis model, we showed that local delivery of the miR-200c mimic significantly inhibited the growth of ectopic endometriotic lesions.

Conclusions

The MALAT1/miR-200c sponge may be a potential therapeutic target for endometriosis.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13287-017-0706-z

DOI: 10.1186/s13287-017-0706-z

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