3 years ago

Formaldehyde regulates vascular tensions through nitric oxide-cGMP signaling pathway and ion channels

Formaldehyde regulates vascular tensions through nitric oxide-cGMP signaling pathway and ion channels
Formaldehyde (FA) has been linked to the detrimental cardiovascular effects. Here, we explored the effects and mechanisms of FA on rat aortas both in vivo and in vitro. The results presented that FA evidently lowered the blood pressures of rats. The expression levels of BKCa subunits α and β1 and iNOS of the aortas were up-regulated by FA in vivo. However, FA markedly reduced the levels of Cav1.2 and Cav1.3, which are the subunits of L-Ca2+ channel. Furthermore, the contents of NO, cGMP and iNOS in the aortas were augmented by FA. To further confirm these findings, the mechanisms accredited to these effects were examined in vitro. The data showed that FA contracted the isolated aortic rings at low concentrations (<300 μM), while it relaxed the rings at high concentrations (>500 μM). The FA-induced vasoconstriction at low concentrations was blocked partly by an inhibitor of ACE. The relaxation caused by FA at high concentrations was attenuated by the inhibitors of NO-cGMP pathway, L-Ca2+ channel and BKCa channel, respectively. Similarly, the expression of iNOS was strongly enhanced by FA in vitro. The effects of FA on the aortic rings with endothelium were significantly greater than those on the rings without endothelium. Our results indicate that the vasoconstriction of FA at low concentrations might be partially pertinent to endothelin, and the FA-caused vasorelaxation at high concentrations is possibly associated with the NO-cGMP pathway, L-Ca2+ channel and BKCa channel. This study will improve our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms for FA-related cardiovascular diseases.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0045653517317733

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.