3 years ago

Expanding extension, subsidence and lateral segmentation within the Santorini - Amorgos basins during Quaternary: Implications for the 1956 Amorgos events, central - south Aegean Sea, Greece

New bathymetric and seismic reflection data from the Santorini–Amorgos Tectonic Zone in the southern Cyclades have been analysed and a description of the morphology and tectonic structure of the area has been presented. The basins of Anhydros, Amorgos and Santorini–Anafi have been distinguished together with the intermediate Anhydros Horst within the NE-SW oriented Santorini–Amorgos Tectonic Zone which has a length of 60–70km and a width of 20–25km. The basins represent tectonic grabens or semi-grabens bordered by the active marginal normal faults of Santorini–Anafi, Amorgos, Ios, Anhydros and Astypalaea. The Santorini–Anafi, Amorgos and Ios marginal faults have their footwall towards the NW where Alpine basement occurs in the submarine scarps and their hangingwall towards the southeast, where the Quaternary sediments have been deposited with maximum thickness of 700m. Six sedimentary Units 1–6 have been distinguished in the stratigraphic successions of the Santorini–Anafi and the western Anhydros Basin whereas in the rest area only the upper four Units 3–6 have been deposited. This shows the expansion of the basin with subsidence during the Quaternary due to ongoing extension in a northwest-southeast direction. Growth structures are characterized by different periods of maximum deformation as this is indicated by the different sedimentary units with maximum thickness next to each fault. Transverse structures of northwest-southeast direction have been identified along the Santorini–Amorgos Tectonic Zone with distinction of the blocks/segments of Santorini, Anhydros/Kolumbo, Anhydros islet and Amorgos. Recent escarpments with 7–9m offset observed along the Amorgos Fault indicate that this was activated during the first earthquake of the 7.5 magnitude 1956 events whereas no recent landslide was found in the area that could be related to the 1956 tsunami.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0040195117304419

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