3 years ago

Os/Si nanocomposites as excellent hydrogen evolution electrocatalysts with thermodynamically more favorable hydrogen adsorption free energy than platinum

Os/Si nanocomposites as excellent hydrogen evolution electrocatalysts with thermodynamically more favorable hydrogen adsorption free energy than platinum
The development of highly efficient electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction is a fundamental undertaking of the hydrogen economy. Herein, we investigated the electrocatalytic performance of M/Si (M = Os, Rh, Pt, Pd, Re, Ru, Au or Ag) nanocomposites for hydrogen evolution reaction. The results show that Os/Si nanocomposites exhibit the best catalytic efficiency with a negligible onset overpotential (−25mV), a small Tafel slope of −24mVdec−1 and remarkable long-term stability. Of most importance, at a current density of the typical industrial production (−1000mAcm−2), the energy conversion efficiency of the Os/Si nanocomposite is 29.3% higher than that of the commercial 40wt% Pt/C. The density functional calculations reveal that such outstanding catalytic activity of the Os/Si catalyst arises from the thermodynamically more favorable hydrogen adsorption free energy (ΔG H* = −0.03eV) at the osmium/silicon interfaces than that on platinum (ΔG H* = −0.09eV) or osmium (ΔG H* = −0.26eV).

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S2211285517304226

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