4 years ago

Interplay of Conformational and Chemical Transformations of Ortho-Substituted Aromatic Nitroso Oxides: Experimental and Theoretical Study

Interplay of Conformational and Chemical Transformations of Ortho-Substituted Aromatic Nitroso Oxides: Experimental and Theoretical Study
Leniza V. Enikeeva, Sergey L. Khursan, Ekaterina M. Chainikova, Rustam L. Safiullin, Marat F. Abdullin, Alexander N. Lobov, Irek M. Gubaydullin, Aigul N. Teregulova, Alfia R. Yusupova
The mechanism of the photooxidation of aromatic azides containing a substituent at one of the ortho positions (2,4-dimethoxyphenyl azide (1a) and 2-methyl-4-[(2E)-1-methylbut-2-en-1-yl]phenyl azide (1b)) was studied in acetonitrile. The electronic spectra and the kinetic regularities of the consumption of corresponding nitroso oxides, which are the reaction intermediates, were investigated by flash photolysis. Owing to the one-and-a-half order of the C–N and N–O bonds and asymmetric molecule structure these nitroso oxides exist as four conformers (cis/syn, cis/anti, trans/syn, and trans/anti). The conformers differ in the spectral properties and in the reactivity in various irreversible transformations. The only product, (2Z,4E)-4-methoxy-6-oxohepta-2,4-dienenitrile oxide (7a), was observed during photooxidation of 1a, whereas transformations of the nitroso oxide isomers derived from 1b led to a set of stable products: the cis/anti isomer was transformed into (3,4,7-trimethyl-3a,4-dihydro-2,1-benzisoxazol-5(3H)-ylidene)ethanal (10), the trans isomers recombined forming the corresponding nitro and nitroso compounds, and the most reactive cis/syn isomer was transformed into ortho-nitrosobenzyl alcohol 11. The last was oxidized slowly to the corresponding benzaldehyde 12. Interaction of 11 and 12 led to the formation of (Z)-1,2-bis(2-formyl-4-((2E)-1-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)phenyl)diazene-1-oxide (13). The DFT simulation and kinetic modeling of the nitroso oxide transformations as well as the product analysis allowed revealing the fine details of the mechanism of decay for these species.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b00537

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b00537

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