3 years ago

Size Dependence and Ballistic Limits of Thermal Transport in Anisotropic Layered Two-Dimensional Materials.

Yong Xu, Yizhou Liu, Zuanyi Li, Wenhui Duan, Eric Pop, Lucas Lindsay

Layered materials have uncommonly anisotropic thermal properties due to their strong in-plane covalent bonds and weak out-of-plane van der Waals interactions. Here we examine heat flow in graphene (graphite), h-BN, MoS2, and WS2 monolayers and bulk films, from diffusive to ballistic limits. We determine the ballistic thermal conductance limit (Gball) both in-plane and out-of-plane, based on full phonon dispersions from first-principles calculations. An overall phonon mean free path ({\lambda}) is expressed in terms of Gball and the diffusive thermal conductivity, consistent with kinetic theory if proper averaging of phonon group velocity is used. We obtain a size-dependent thermal conductivity k(L) in agreement with available experiments, and find that k(L) only converges to >90% of the diffusive thermal conductivity for sample sizes L > 16{\lambda}, which ranges from ~140 nm for MoS2 cross-plane to ~10 um for suspended graphene in-plane. These results provide a deeper understanding of microscopic thermal transport, revealing that device scales below which thermal size effects should be taken into account are generally larger than previously thought.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.02772

DOI: arXiv:1711.02772v1

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