Signatures of the Many-body Localized Regime in Two Dimensions.
Lessons from Anderson localization highlight the importance of dimensionality of real space for localization due to disorder. More recently, studies of many-body localization have focussed on the phenomena in one dimension using techniques of exact diagonalization and tensor networks. On the other hand experiments in two dimensions have provided concrete results going beyond the previously numerically accessible limits while posing several challenging questions. We present the first large-scale numerical examination of a disordered Bose-Hubbard model in two dimensions realized in cold atoms, which shows entanglement based signatures of many-body localization. By generalizing a low-depth quantum circuit to two dimensions we approximate eigenstates in the experimental parameter regimes for large systems, which is beyond the scope of exact diagonalization. A careful analysis of the eigenstate entanglement structure provides an indication of the putative phase transition marked by the peak in the fluctuations of entanglement entropy in a parameter range potentially consistent with experiments.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.02678