Jamming and condensation in one-dimensional driven flow.
We revisit the slow-bond (SB) problem of the one-dimensional (1D) totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) with modified hopping rates. In the original SB problem, it turns out that a local defect is always relevant to the system as jamming, so that phase separation occurs in the 1D TASEP. However, crossover scaling behaviors are also observed as finite-size effects. In order to check if the SB can be irrelevant to the system with particle interaction, we employ the idea of the condensation in the zero-range process (ZRP), which is an exact mapping of the periodic TASEP. The hopping rate in the modified TASEP depends on the interaction parameter between particles and the distance up to the nearest particle in the moving direction, besides the SB factor. In particular, we focus on the interplay of jamming and condensation in the current-density relation of 1D driven flow. Based on the mean-field calculations, we present the fundamental diagram and the phase diagram of the modified SB problem, which are numerically checked. Finally, we discuss how the condensation of holes suppresses the jamming of particles and vice versa, where the partially-condensed phase is the most interesting, compared to that in the original SB problem.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.02728