3 years ago

New test of Lorentz symmetry using ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays.

Jorge F. Soriano, Luis A. Anchordoqui

We propose an innovative test of Lorentz symmetry by observing pairs of simultaneous parallel extensive air showers produced by the fragments of ultrahigh-energy cosmic ray nuclei which disintegrated in collisions with solar photons. We show that the search for a cross-correlation of showers in arrival time and direction becomes background free for an angular scale < 3^\circ and a time window {\cal O}(10 s). We also show that if the solar photo-disintegration probability of helium is {\cal O} (10^{-5.5}) then the hunt for spatiotemporal coincident showers could be within range of existing cosmic ray facilities, such as the Pierre Auger Observatory. We demonstrate that the actual observation of a few events can be used to constrain Lorentz violating dispersion relations of the nucleon.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.00750

DOI: arXiv:1710.00750v2

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