Matrix-assisted fabrication and exotic charge mobility of (Li,Fe)OHFeSe superconductor films.
Superconducting (Li1-xFex)OHFe1-ySe films are attractive for both the basic research and practical application. However, the conventional vapor deposition techniques are not applicable in synthesizing the films of such a complex system. So no intrinsic charge transport measurements on the films are available so far to reveal the nature of charge carriers, which is fundamental to understanding the iron-based superconductivity mechanism. Herein we report a soft chemical film technique (matrix-assisted hydrothermal epitaxial growth), by which we have succeeded in growing a series of (Li1-xFex)OHFe1-ySe films covering the whole superconducting regime, with the superconducting transition temperature (Tc) from 4 K up to 42 K. This film technique opens up a new way for fabricating other complex functional materials as well. Furthermore, our systematic transport investigation on the film samples indicates that both the electron and hole carriers contribute to the charge transport, with the scattering rates deviating from the Fermi liquid. We find that the superconductivity occurs upon the electron and hole mobility becoming divergent. And in the high Tc samples, the electron carriers are found much more mobile than the holes, a feature distinct from the low Tc samples. Hence, our transport results provide key insights into the underlying physics for iron-based high-Tc superconductivity.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.02920
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