3 years ago

O2 Activation by Metal Surfaces: Implications for Bonding and Reactivity on Heterogeneous Catalysts

O2 Activation by Metal Surfaces: Implications for Bonding and Reactivity on Heterogeneous Catalysts
Robert J. Madix, Cynthia M. Friend, Matthijs A. van Spronsen, Matthew M. Montemore
The activation of O2 on metal surfaces is a critical process for heterogeneous catalysis and materials oxidation. Fundamental studies of well-defined metal surfaces using a variety of techniques have given crucial insight into the mechanisms, energetics, and dynamics of O2 adsorption and dissociation. Here, trends in the activation of O2 on transition metal surfaces are discussed, and various O2 adsorption states are described in terms of both electronic structure and geometry. The mechanism and dynamics of O2 dissociation are also reviewed, including the importance of the spin transition. The reactivity of O2 and O toward reactant molecules is also briefly discussed in the context of catalysis. The reactivity of a surface toward O2 generally correlates with the adsorption strength of O, the tendency to oxidize, and the heat of formation of the oxide. Periodic trends can be rationalized in terms of attractive and repulsive interactions with the d-band, such that inert metals tend to feature a full d band that is low energy and has a large spatial overlap with adsorbate states. More open surfaces or undercoordinated defect sites can be much more reactive than close-packed surfaces. Reactions between O and other species tend to be more prevalent than reactions between O2 and other species, particularly on more reactive surfaces.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00217

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00217

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