3 years ago

Tuning the Color Palette of Fluorescent Copper Sensors through Systematic Heteroatom Substitution at Rhodol Cores

Tuning the Color Palette of Fluorescent Copper Sensors through Systematic Heteroatom Substitution at Rhodol Cores
Shang Jia, Cheri M. Ackerman, Christopher J. Chang, Safacan Kolemen, Karla M. Ramos-Torres
Copper is an essential nutrient for sustaining life, and emerging data have expanded the roles of this metal in biology from its canonical functions as a static enzyme cofactor to dynamic functions as a transition metal signal. At the same time, loosely bound, labile copper pools can trigger oxidative stress and damaging events that are detrimental if misregulated. The signal/stress dichotomy of copper motivates the development of new chemical tools to study its spatial and temporal distributions in native biological contexts such as living cells. Here, we report a family of fluorescent copper sensors built upon carbon-, silicon-, and phosphorus-substituted rhodol dyes that enable systematic tuning of excitation/emission colors from orange to near-infrared. These probes can detect changes in labile copper levels in living cells upon copper supplementation and/or depletion. We demonstrate the ability of the carbon–rhodol based congener, Copper Carbo Fluor 1 (CCF1), to identify elevations in labile copper pools in the Atp7a–/– fibroblast cell model of the genetic copper disorder Menkes disease. Moreover, we showcase the utility of the red-emitting phosphorus-rhodol based dye Copper Phosphorus Fluor 1 (CPF1) in dual-color, dual-analyte imaging experiments with the green-emitting calcium indicator Calcium Green-1 to enable simultaneous detection of fluctuations in copper and calcium pools in living cells. The results provide a starting point for advancing tools to study the contributions of copper to health and disease and for exploiting the rapidly growing palette of heteroatom-substituted xanthene dyes to rationally tune the optical properties of fluorescent indicators for other biologically important analytes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschembio.7b00748

DOI: 10.1021/acschembio.7b00748

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.