3 years ago

Improving the safety of metal-based drugs by tuning their metabolism with chemoprotective agents

Improving the safety of metal-based drugs by tuning their metabolism with chemoprotective agents
Metal-based drugs remain a tiny minority of all drugs that are on the market. The success story of the quintessential metal-based drug cisplatin (CP), which is intravenously administered to 70% of all cancer patients, however, demonstrates the inherent potential of metal-based drugs. A distinct disadvantage of CP is the dose-limiting severe toxic-side effects that it exerts in patients. To better understand the biomolecular basis for its toxicity, we employed a metallomics method to observe all platinum metabolites that are formed in blood plasma. These investigations revealed that a highly toxic CP-derived hydrolysis product – the highly toxic monoaqua hydrolysis complex (MHC) – is formed within 5min. More importantly, the application of this research tool has unraveled the mechanisms by which the chemoprotective agents sodium thiosulfate, d-methionine, N-acetyl-cysteine and l-glutathione modulate the metabolism of CP in plasma, namely by rapidly reacting with the MHC to form platinum‑sulfur complexes. Since CP remained in plasma for a considerable time, the possibility of ‘tuning’ its metabolism with chemoprotective agents in a desirable way has emerged. These observations are highly relevant because these chemoprotective agents were previously shown to significantly reduce the toxicity of CP in animal models, often without appreciably affecting its anticancer efficiency. Collectively, these results suggest that the toxicity of other metal-based drugs may be overcome if their metabolism in the bloodstream is adequately tuned with a suitable chemoprotective agent. This principle strategy has considerable potential in terms of harnessing the full potential of bringing more metal-based drugs to the market.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0162013417307006

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