3 years ago

Antibiofilm potential of 16-oxo-cleroda-3, 13(14) E-diene-15 oic acid and its five new γ-amino γ-lactone derivatives against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans

Antibiofilm potential of 16-oxo-cleroda-3, 13(14) E-diene-15 oic acid and its five new γ-amino γ-lactone derivatives against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans
The clerodane diterpenoids 16-oxo-cleroda-3, 13(14) E-diene-15 oic acid (1) and kolavenic acid (2) isolated from Polyalthia longifolia var. pendula (Linn.) were previously reported for their antimicrobial activity. Thus present study was designed to investigate the biofilm inhibiting potential of these diterpenoids (1-2) and five new lactone derivatives (3-7) of 1 against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Streptococcus mutans, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis. Compounds 1 and 3 at 10-20 μg/mL were found to be bacteriostatic and significantly reduced the biofilm formation and metabolically active cells of MRSA and S. mutans up to 90%. Parental diterpenoid (1) at 10 and 16 μg/mL significantly eradicated the preformed biofilm of both pathogens. Both the compounds also delayed acid production at minimum inhibitory (MIC) and sub-inhibitory concentrations (sub MIC). Florescence and scanning electron microscopy further confirms the biofilm inhibiting potential of compounds 1 and 3 and displayed disrupted biofilms at MIC and sub MIC levels. The gene expression of MRSA and S. mutans responsible for biofilm formation was also altered. Moreover, the observed anti-virulence properties and delayed bacterial growth after 10 min of exposure to the test compounds 1 and 3 make them a promising class of antibiofilm agents.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0223523417305196

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.