3 years ago

Effect of integration time on the morphometric, densitometric and mechanical properties of the mouse tibia

Micro-Computed Tomography (microCT) images are used to measure morphometric and densitometric properties of bone, and to develop finite element (FE) models to estimate mechanical properties. However, there are concerns about the invasiveness of microCT imaging due to the X-rays ionising radiation induced by the repeated scans on the same animal. Therefore, the best compromise between radiation dose and image quality should be chosen for each preclinical application. In this study, we investigated the effect of integration time (time the bone is exposed to radiation at each rotation step during microCT imaging) on measurements performed on the mouse tibia. Four tibiae were scanned at 10.4 µm voxel size using four different procedures, characterized by decreasing integration time (from 200 ms to 50 ms) and therefore decreasing nominal radiation dose (from 513 mGy to 128 mGy). From each image, trabecular and cortical morphometric parameters, spatial distribution of bone mineral content (BMC) in the whole tibia and FE-based estimations of stiffness and strength were obtained. A high-resolution scan (4.3 µm voxel size) was used to quantify measurement errors. Integration time had the largest effect on trabecular morphometric parameters (7–28%). Lower effects were observed on cortical parameters (1–3%), BMC (1–10%) distribution, and FE-based estimations of mechanical properties (1–3%). In conclusion, the effect of integration time on image-based measurements has been quantified. This data should be considered when defining the in vivo microCT scanning protocols in order to find the best compromise between nominal radiation exposure and accuracy in the estimation of bone parameters.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021929017305663

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.