5 years ago

Antitumor activity of resveratrol is independent of Cu(II) complex formation in MCF-7 cell line

Antitumor activity of resveratrol is independent of Cu(II) complex formation in MCF-7 cell line
Resveratrol (Rsv) is widely reported to possess anticarcinogenic properties in a plethora of cellular and animal models having limited toxicity toward normal cells. In the molecular level, Rsv can act as a suppressive agent for several impaired signaling pathways on cancer cells. However, Fukuhara and Miyata have shown a non-proteic reaction of Rsv, which can act as a prooxidant agent in the presence of copper (Cu), causing cellular oxidative stress accompanied of DNA damage. After this discovery, the complex Rsv-Cu was broadly explored as an antitumor mechanism in multiples tumor cell lines. The aim of the study is to explore the anticarcinogenic behavior of resveratrol–Cu(II) complex in MCF-7 cell line. Selectivity of Rsv binding to Cu ions was analyzed by HPLC and UV–VIS. The cells were enriched with concentrations of 10 and 50µM CuSO4 solution and treated with 25µM of Rsv. Copper uptake after enrichment of cells, as its intracellular distribution in MCF-7 line, was scanned by ICP-MS and TEM-EDS. Cell death and intracellular ROS production were determined by flow cytometry. Different from the extracellular model, no relationship of synergy between Rsv–Cu(II) and reactive oxidative species (ROS) production was detected in vitro. ICP-MS revealed intracellular copper accumulation to both chosen concentrations (0.33±0.09 and 1.18±0.13ppb) but there is no promotion of cell death by Rsv–Cu(II) complex. In addition, significant attenuation of ROS production was detected when cells were exposed to CuSO4 after Rsv treatment, falling from 7.54% of ROS production when treated only with Rsv to 3.07 and 2.72% with CuSO4. Based on these findings antitumor activity of resveratrol when in copper ions presence, is not mediated by Rsv-Cu complex formation in MCF-7 human cell line, suggesting that the antitumoral reaction is dependent of a cancer cellular model.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960894X17306388

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