4 years ago

Mindfulness-based interventions for psychiatric disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Despite widespread scientific and popular interest in mindfulness-based interventions, questions regarding the empirical status of these treatments remain. We sought to examine the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions for clinical populations on disorder-specific symptoms. To address the question of relative efficacy, we coded the strength of the comparison group into five categories: no treatment, minimal treatment, non-specific active control, specific active control, and evidence-based treatment. A total of 142 non-overlapping samples and 12,005 participants were included. At post-treatment, mindfulness-based interventions were superior to no treatment (d =0.55), minimal treatment (d =0.37), non-specific active controls (d =0.35), and specific active controls (d =0.23). Mindfulness conditions did not differ from evidence-based treatments (d =0.004). At follow-up, mindfulness-based interventions were superior to no treatment conditions (d =0.50), non-specific active controls (d =0.52), and specific active controls (d =0.29). Mindfulness conditions did not differ from minimal treatment conditions (d =0.38) and evidence-based treatments (d =0.09). Effects on specific disorder subgroups showed the most consistent evidence in support of mindfulness for depression, pain conditions, smoking, and addictive disorders. Results support the notion that mindfulness-based interventions hold promise as evidence-based treatments.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0272735817303847

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