5 years ago

Lung perfusion: MRI vs. SPECT for screening in suspected chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

Andrew J. Swift, David G. Kiely, Paul J.C. Hughes, Smitha Rajaram, Christopher S. Johns, David J. Capener, James M. Wild
Purpose To assess the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) perfusion against perfusion single photon emission tomography (SPECT) screening for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scintigraphy is recommended to screen for suspected CTEPH. It has previously been shown that 3D dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) lung perfusion MRI has a similar sensitivity for diagnosing CTEPH in comparison to planar perfusion scintigraphy; however, planar scintigraphy has now been largely replaced by SPECT, due to higher spatial resolution and sensitivity. Materials and Methods Consecutive patients with suspected CTEPH or unexplained pulmonary hypertension attending a referral center, who underwent lung DCE perfusion MRI at 1.5T, perfusion SPECT, and computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) within 14 days of right heart catheterization, from April 2013 to April 2014, were included. DCE-MR, SPECT, and CTPA were independently analyzed by two blinded radiologists. Disagreements were corrected by consensus. The gold standard reference for the diagnosis of chronic thromboemboli was based on a review of multimodality imaging and clinical findings. Results In all, 74 patients with suspected CTEPH underwent all three modalities. Forty-six were diagnosed with CTEPH (36) or chronic thromboembolic disease (CTED) (10). 3D DCE perfusion MRI correctly identified all patients (sensitivity of 100%), compared with a 97% sensitivity for SPECT. Conclusion DCE lung perfusion MRI has increased sensitivity when compared with perfusion scintigraphy in screening for CTEPH. As MRI does not use ionizing radiation, it should be considered as a first-line imaging modality in suspected CTEPH. Level of Evidence: 3 Technical Efficacy: Stage 3 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;46:1693–1697.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jmri.25714

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