5 years ago

Comparison between types I and II epithelial ovarian cancer using histogram analysis of monoexponential, biexponential, and stretched-exponential diffusion models

Lizhi Xie, Zhenyu Zhou, Yan Zhou, Jianyu Liu, Yuxiang Wang, Congrong Liu, Dong Liang, Yang Shen, Zhihang Yao, Feng Wang
Purpose To evaluate the utility of histogram analysis of monoexponential, biexponential, and stretched-exponential models to a dualistic model of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Materials and Methods Fifty-two patients with histopathologically proven EOC underwent preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (including diffusion-weighted imaging [DWI] with 11 b-values) using a 3.0T system and were divided into two groups: types I and II. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), true diffusion coefficient (D), pseudodiffusion coefficient (D*), perfusion fraction (f), distributed diffusion coefficient (DDC), and intravoxel water diffusion heterogeneity (α) histograms were obtained based on solid components of the entire tumor. The following metrics of each histogram were compared between two types: 1) mean; 2) median; 3) 10th percentile and 90th percentile. Conventional MRI morphological features were also recorded. Results Significant morphological features for predicting EOC type were maximum diameter (P = 0.007), texture of lesion (P = 0.001), and peritoneal implants (P = 0.001). For ADC, D, f, DDC, and α, all metrics were significantly lower in type II than type I (P < 0.05). Mean, median, 10th, and 90th percentile of D* were not significantly different (P = 0.336, 0.154, 0.779, and 0.203, respectively). Most histogram metrics of ADC, D, and DDC had significantly higher area under the receiver operating characteristic curve values than those of f and α (P < 0.05) Conclusion It is feasible to grade EOC by morphological features and three models with histogram analysis. ADC, D, and DDC have better performance than f and α; f and α may provide additional information. Level of Evidence: 4 Technical Efficacy: Stage 1 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;46:1797–1809.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jmri.25722

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