4 years ago

Association of Vitamin E Intake at Early Childhood with Alanine Aminotransferase Levels at Mid-Childhood.

Emily Oken, Erika R Cheng, Jennifer A Woo Baidal, Elsie M Taveras, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman
The extent to which vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) intake early in childhood is associated with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level later in childhood is unknown. The objective of this research is to test the hypothesis that higher alpha-tocopherol intake during early childhood is associated with lower odds of elevated ALT levels during mid-childhood, and to examine how body mass index (BMI) influences these relationships. We studied 528 children in Project Viva. Mothers reported child dietary intake at early childhood visits (median 3.1 years) using a validated food frequency questionnaire. At mid-childhood (median 7.6 years), we collected child blood and anthropometric data. The main outcome was elevated sex-specific mid-childhood ALT level (≥ 22.1 units/liter for females and ≥ 25.8 units/liter for males). In multivariable logistic regression models, we assessed the association of energy-adjusted alpha-tocopherol intake with ALT levels, adjusting for child age, sex, race/ethnicity, diet, and age-adjusted, sex-specific BMIz at mid-childhood. Among children in this study, 48% were female, 63% were non-Hispanic white, 19% were non-Hispanic black, and 4% Hispanic/Latino. Mean alpha-tocopherol intake was 3.7±1.0 mg/day (range 1.4-9.2) at early childhood. At mid-childhood, mean BMIz was 0.41±1.0 units and 22% had an elevated ALT level. In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models, children with higher early childhood vitamin E intake had lower odds of elevated mid-childhood ALT [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.62 (95% CI: 0.39-0.99)] for quartiles 2-4 compared with the lowest quartile of intake. Findings persisted after accounting for early childhood diet [0.62 (0.36, 1.08)] and were strengthened after additionally accounting for mid-childhood BMIz [0.56 (0.32, 0.99)].

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1002/hep.29629

DOI: 10.1002/hep.29629

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