4 years ago

Quality and Clinical Outcomes Associated with a Gentamicin Use System Change for Managing Chorioamnionitis

Brittney Choi, Jennifer Le, Alexander R. Paradyse, Jason B. Sauberan


Chorioamnionitis is an intra-amniotic infection with serious maternal and neonatal complications. Clinical studies suggest antibiotic administration before delivery reduces the risk of complications compared to after delivery. Our center implemented a standardized intrapartum gentamicin computerized provider order entry and dosage form dispensing system intended to improve treatment initiation efficiency in hospitalized obstetric patients. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to determine if these system changes were associated with decreased time from gentamicin ordering to administration in patients with chorioamnionitis. A secondary objective was to compare clinical outcomes before and after system changes. Classification and regression tree (CART) analyses was applied to identify key predictors. Results demonstrated a trend towards reduced time to administration in the post-implementation group. Clinical outcomes were not altered. CART analysis revealed that post-implementation assignment and length of membrane rupture predicted shorter time to gentamicin initiation. This study suggests that the specific system changes we implemented were safe and improved efficiency, but additional changes are needed to have a clinically significant impact.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10916-017-0856-7

DOI: 10.1007/s10916-017-0856-7

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