5 years ago

Demarcation line depth after contact lens–assisted corneal crosslinking for progressive keratoconus: Comparison of dextran-based and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose–based riboflavin solutions

To compare the demarcation line depth after contact lens–assisted corneal crosslinking (CXL) for progressive keratoconus using dextran-based and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC)-based riboflavin solutions. Setting Advanced Eye Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. Design Retrospective case series. Methods Patients with preoperative epithelium-on (epi-on) minimum corneal thickness between 350 μm and 450 μm having contact lens–assisted CXL for progressive keratoconus were crosslinked with isoosmolar 0.1% riboflavin in 20% dextran 500 or HPMC 1.1%. The primary outcome measure was the mean demarcation line depth measured 1 month postoperatively on anterior-segment optical coherence tomography. The secondary outcome measure was change in endothelial cell density (ECD) 6 months from baseline. Results The study comprised 21 patients (21 eyes, 9 in the HPMC group and 12 in the dextran group). The mean demarcation line depth was deeper in the HPMC group (308.22 μm ± 84.19 [SD]) than in the dextran group (235.33 ± 64.87 μm) (P < .04). This difference remained significant (P = .02) even after controlling for the preoperative lesser epi-on minimum corneal thickness in the HPMC group (385.56 ±13.81 μm) versus the dextran group (413.08 ± 29.58 μm) (P < .02). The ECD 6 months after contact lens–assisted CXL was comparable to the baseline levels in both groups (P = .19 and P = .09, respectively). Conclusion During contact lens–assisted CXL, HPMC-based riboflavin seemed to be associated with a deeper demarcation line than dextran-based riboflavin, although both solutions were safe for the endothelium at 6 months.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0886335017306442

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