4 years ago

Duration Analysis Using Matching Pursuit Algorithm Reveals Longer Bouts of Gamma Rhythm.

Supratim Ray, Chandra Sekhar Seelamantula, Subhash Chandran Ks
The gamma rhythm (30 to 80 Hz), often associated with high-level cortical functions, is believed to provide a temporal reference frame for spiking activity, for which it should have a stable center frequency and linear phase for an extended duration. However, recent studies that have estimated the power and phase of gamma as a function of time suggest that gamma occurs in short bursts and lacks the temporal structure required to act as a reference frame. Here we show that the bursty appearance of gamma arises from the variability in the spectral estimator used in these studies. To overcome this problem, we use another duration estimator based on a matching pursuit algorithm that robustly estimates the duration of gamma in simulated data. Applying this algorithm to gamma oscillations recorded from implanted microelectrodes in the primary visual cortex of awake monkeys, we show that the median gamma duration is greater than 300 ms, which is three times longer than previously reported values.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00154.2017

DOI: 10.1152/jn.00154.2017

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