3 years ago

Discovery and Evaluation of Anti-Fibrinolytic Plasmin Inhibitors Derived from 5-(4-Piperidyl)isoxazol-3-ol (4-PIOL)

Discovery and Evaluation of Anti-Fibrinolytic Plasmin Inhibitors Derived from 5-(4-Piperidyl)isoxazol-3-ol (4-PIOL)
Jonas Boström, Per-Olof Eriksson, Thomas C. Schmidt, Bente Frølund, David Cosgrove, David Gustafsson
Inhibition of plasmin has been found to effectively reduce fibrinolysis and to avoid hemorrhage. This can be achieved by addressing its kringle 1 domain with the known drug and lysine analogue tranexamic acid. Guided by shape similarities toward a previously discovered lead compound, 5-(4-piperidyl)isoxazol-3-ol, a set of 16 structurally similar compounds was assembled and investigated. Successfully, in vitro measurements revealed one compound, 5-(4-piperidyl)isothiazol-3-ol, superior in potency compared to the initial lead. Furthermore, a strikingly high correlation (R2 = 0.93) between anti-fibrinolytic activity and kringle 1 binding affinity provided strong support for the hypothesized inhibition mechanism, as well as revealing opportunities to fine-tune biological effects through minor structural modifications. Several different ligand-based (Freeform, shape, and electrostatic-based similarities) and structure-based methods (e.g., Posit, MM/GBSA, FEP+) were used to retrospectively predict the binding affinities. A combined method, molecular alignment using Posit and scoring with Tcombo, lead to the highest coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.6).

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jcim.7b00255

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jcim.7b00255

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.