4 years ago

Palovarotene inhibits osteochondroma formation in a mouse model of multiple hereditary exostoses

Isabelle Lemire, Toshihiro Inubushi, Yu Yamaguchi, Fumitoshi Irie
Multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE), also known as multiple osteochondromas (MO), is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of multiple cartilage-capped bone tumors (osteochondromas). The large majority of patients with MHE carry loss-of-function mutations in the EXT1 or EXT2 gene, which encodes a glycosyltransferase essential for heparan sulfate (HS) biosynthesis. Increasing evidence suggests that enhanced BMP signaling resulting from loss of HS expression plays a role in osteochondroma formation in MHE. Palovarotene (PVO) is a retinoic acid receptor γ selective agonist, which is being investigated as a potential drug for fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), another genetic bone disorder with features that overlap with those of MHE. Here we show that PVO inhibits osteochondroma formation in the Fsp1Cre;Ext1flox/flox model of MHE. Four-week daily treatment with PVO starting at postnatal day (P) 14 reduced the number of osteochondromas that develop in these mice by up to 91% in a dose-dependent manner. An inhibition of long bone growth observed in animals treated from P14 was almost entirely abrogated by delaying the initiation of treatment to P21. We also found that PVO attenuates BMP signaling in Fsp1Cre;Ext1flox/flox mice, and that aberrant chondrogenic fate determination of Ext1-deficient perichondrial progenitor cells in these mice is restored by PVO. Together, the present data support further preclinical and clinical investigations of PVO as a potential therapeutic agent for MHE. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3341

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.