4 years ago

In Vivo Pulmonary Delivery and Magnetic-Targeting of Dry Powder Nano-in-Microparticles

In Vivo Pulmonary Delivery and Magnetic-Targeting of Dry Powder Nano-in-Microparticles
Pavan Muttil, Nitesh K. Kunda, Loreen R. Stromberg, Dominique N. Price
This brief communication evaluates the cytotoxicity and targeting capability of a dry powder chemotherapeutic. Nano-in-microparticles (NIMs) are a dry powder drug delivery vehicle containing superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) and either doxorubicin (w/w solids) or fluorescent nanospheres (w/v during formulation; as a drug surrogate) in a lactose matrix. In vitro cytotoxicity was evaluated in A549 adenocarcinoma cells using MTS and LDH assays to assess viability and toxicity after 48 h of NIMs exposure. In vivo magnetic-field-dependent targeting of inhaled NIMs was evaluated in a healthy mouse model. Mice were endotracheally administered fluorescently labeled NIMs either as a dry powder or a liquid aerosol in the presence of an external magnet placed over the left lung. Quantification of fluorescence and iron showed a significant increase in both fluorescence intensity and iron content to the left magnetized lung. In comparison, we observed decreased targeting of fluorescent nanospheres to the left lung from an aerosolized liquid suspension, due to the dissociation of SPIONs and nanoparticles during pulmonary administration. We conclude that dry powder NIMs maintain the therapeutic cytotoxicity of doxorubicin and can be better targeted to specific regions of the lung in the presence of a magnetic field, compared to a liquid suspension.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00532

DOI: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00532

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