4 years ago

Recent Advances in the Synthesis of Spiroheterocycles via N-Heterocyclic Carbene Organocatalysis.

Hai-Jun Leng, Qing-Song Dai, Ying Zhang, Xiang Zhang, Rong Zeng, Yue Liu, Xiao-Jun Gou, Jun-Long Li
Spiroheterocycles are regarded as a privileged framework because of their wide distribution in various natural products and synthetic molecules and promising bioactivities. This review focuses on the recent advances in the synthesis of spiroheterocycles by using the strategy of N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) organocatalysis, and is organized based on the stereoselectivity and the reactive intermediates. According to the stereochemistry, this review was divided into two main parts, covering racemic and enantioselective versions. In each part, we firstly describe the synthetic transformations using nucleophilic Breslow intermediates, and then discuss the reactions that employ electrophilic acylazolium or radical cation intermediates. With those distinct catalytic activation modes of NHC organocatlysis, we expect this synthetic protocol will possibly produce new molecules with structural novelty and complexity, which may warrant further research in the field of drug discovery.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22111882

DOI: 10.3390/molecules22111882

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