5 years ago

Development of Chloroplast Genomic Resources for Oryza Species Discrimination.

Naizhong Chen, Jizhou Lv, Yan Chen, Shuifang Zhu, Jin Xu, Yun Song, MingFu Li
Rice is the most important crop in the world as the staple food for over half of the population. The wild species of Oryza represent an enormous gene pool for genetic improvement of rice cultivars. Accurate and rapid identification of these species is critical for effective utilization of the wild rice germplasm. In this study, we developed valuable chloroplast molecular markers by comparing the chloroplast genomes for species identification. Four chloroplast genomes of Oryza were newly sequenced on the Illumina HiSeq platform and other 14 Oryza species chloroplast genomes from Genbank were simultaneously taken into consideration for comparative analyses. Among 18 Oryza chloroplast genomes, five variable regions (rps16-trnQ, trnTEYD, psbE-petL, rpoC2 and rbcL-accD) were detected for DNA barcodes, in addition to differences in simple sequence repeats (SSR) and repeat sequences. The highest species resolution (72.22%) was provided by rpoC2 and rbcL-accD with distance-based methods. Three-marker combinations (rps16-trnQ + trnTEYD + rbcL-accD, rps16-trnQ + trnTEYD + rpoC2 and rpoC2 + trnTEYD + psbE-petL) showed the best species resolution (100%). Phylogenetic analysis based on the chloroplast genome provided the best resolution of Oryza. In the comparison of chloroplast genomes in this study, identification of the most variable regions and assessment of the focal regions of divergence were efficient in developing species-specific DNA barcodes. Based on evaluation of the chloroplast genomic resources, we conclude that chloroplast genome sequences are a reliable and valuable molecular marker for exploring the wild rice genetic resource in rice improvement.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01854

DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01854

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.