4 years ago

Biochar alleviates phytotoxicity in Ficus elastica grown in Zn-contaminated soil

Biochar alleviates phytotoxicity in Ficus elastica grown in Zn-contaminated soil
Zinc (Zn) immobilization by two distinct biochars in soil, together with concomitant alleviation of phytotoxic responses in Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem., were examined. Rooted cuttings of F. elastica were grown in 880mgkg1 Zn-spiked sandy soil amended with grain husk (GH) or cattle manure (CM) biochar at 0, 10, 30 and 50gkg1 soil for a period of 6months. Addition of both GH and CM biochars had significant positive impacts on physiological parameters such as plant growth, leaf relative water content, photosynthetic pigments and leaf gas exchange characteristics. The responses to addition of CM biochar were significantly better than to GH biochar. Lipid peroxidation declined in leaves of plants grown in Zn-contaminated, biochar-amended soil. This was confirmed by luminescence and Fourier transform infrared analysis of the leaf material. Biochar significantly reduced the availability of soil Zn, as evidenced by lower concentrations of Zn in leaves and leachates of biochar treated plants relative to control plants. These findings show that biochar can effectively immobilize soil Zn, and as a result, alleviate Zn phytotoxicity by reducing its uptake and accumulation in the plant. Adding biochar to soils contaminated with metals thus holds promise as a means of restoring blighted lands.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0048969717330656

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.