5 years ago

Differential effects of copper nanoparticles/microparticles in agronomic and physiological parameters of oregano (Origanum vulgare)

Differential effects of copper nanoparticles/microparticles in agronomic and physiological parameters of oregano (Origanum vulgare)
The effects of metallic copper nanoparticles (nCu) in plants are not well understood. In this study, soil grown oregano (Origanum vulgare) was exposed for 60days to nCu and Cu microparticles (μCu) at 0–200mgCu/kg. At harvest, Cu accumulation, biomass production, nutrient composition, and Cu fractions in soil were measured. Except for μCu at 50mg/kg, both nCu and μCu increased root Cu (28.4–116.0%) and shoot Cu (83.0–163.0% and 225.4–652.5%, respectively), compared with control. Copper accumulation from μCu increased as the external μCu increased. nCu and μCu did not affect shoot length, malondialdehyde, or chlorophyll, but increased water content (6.9–12.5%) and reduced shoot biomass (21.6–58.5%), compared with control. In addition, at 50mg/kg, μCu decreased root biomass and length (48.6% and 20.5%, respectively) and water content (1.8% and 3.9% at 100 and 200mg/kg, respectively). All treatments modified root and shoot Ca, Fe, Mg, and Mn (p0.05). Additionally, all Cu treatments decreased starch (33.9–58.5%), total sugar (39.5–55.7%), and reducing sugar (13.6–33.9%) in leaves. Results showed that metallic Cu nanoparticles/microparticles affected agronomical and physiological parameters in oregano, which could impact human nutrition. However, smaller size particles do not necessarily imply greater toxicity.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0048969717331005

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