3 years ago

An interaction potential to study the thermal structure evolution of a thermoelectric material: β-Cu2Se

An interaction potential to study the thermal structure evolution of a thermoelectric material: β-Cu2Se
Sadanandam Namsani, Jayant K Singh, Bhasker Gahtori, Sushil Auluck
An interaction potential model has been developed, for the first time, for β-Cu2Se using the ab initio derived data. The structure and elastic constants of β-Cu2Se using the derived force-field are within a few percent of DFT derived structure and elastic constants and reported experimental structure. The derived force-field also shows remarkable ability to reproduce temperature dependent behavior of the specific heat and thermal expansion coefficient. The thermal structure evolution of the β-Cu2Se is studied by performing the molecular dynamic simulations using the derived force-field. The simulation results demonstrate that the Cu ions moves around the equilibrium lattice position within the temperature range of 500–800 K. However, at a temperature > 800 K, the Cu ions starts diffusing within the material, while the Se ions remains in their lattice position. The evaluated thermodynamic properties such as free energy and excess entropy, show that the increased Cu–Se interaction with the temperature makes the system more thermodynamically stable. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Potential model is developed for β-Cu2Se system using ab initio calculations. The derived potential shows remarkable ability to reproduce the temperature dependent structural, mechanical, and thermophysical properties. The thermal structure evolution of β-Cu2Se is studied by performing the molecular dynamics simulations at different temperatures using the derived empirical force-field. The simulation results demonstrate that the Cu atoms diffuse within the system while the Se atoms remain rigid in their respective lattice positions.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jcc.24865

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