5 years ago

In vitro digestion behavior of water-in-oil-in-water emulsions with gelled oil-water inner phases

In vitro digestion behavior of water-in-oil-in-water emulsions with gelled oil-water inner phases
Double emulsions may be able to protect and release in a controlled manner bioactive compounds during digestion of food matrices. It was hypothesized that the physical state and solid content in the inner phases of water-in-oil-in-water (W1/O/W2) emulsions may affect the overall stability and the release behavior of bioactives during in vitro digestion. Therefore, hydrophobic (phytosterols or Vitamin D3) and hydrophilic (Vitamin B12) molecules were incorporated in double emulsions prepared either with a liquid (soybean oil – SO) or oil-fat gel (soybean oil+trimyristin – STO) lipid phase and liquid internal aqueous phase. In addition, the impact of a gelled inner aqueous phase was studied, using high methoxyl pectin. W1/O/W2 emulsions were prepared with polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) and sodium caseinate as emulsifiers. After the 30min in vitro gastric stage, all double emulsions showed no significant change in size. Lipid crystals were visible in the STO emulsions. Fat crystallization, and the formation of an oil fat gel, led to coalescence of the inner aqueous droplets. The inner aqueous droplets were no longer visible by confocal microscopy after the initial stages of 2h in vitro duodenal digestion. Fat crystals and droplets of non-spherical shape were also noted in the STO double emulsions up to 25min of in vitro duodenal stage. Overall, the STO emulsions had a higher extent of free fatty acid release and consequent bioactive transfer compared to the SO emulsions. The presence of the medium chain fatty acids (from trimyristin), in addition to the surface-to-core distribution of the hydrophobic bioactives within the oil droplet were key factors in lipid digestibility and bioactive release. The STO and SO samples did not differ in terms of the release of the hydrophilic molecule, vitamin B12, over time. On the other hand, there was a significant increase in the stability of the inner water phase, after gastric digestion, when this phase was gelled with high methoxyl pectin. This work demonstrated that the physical properties of the different internal phases of W1/O/W2 influenced lipid digestion and bioactive transfer kinetics during in vitro digestion.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0963996917307561

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.