5 years ago

Performance of CZTSSe thin film solar cells fabricated using a sulfo-selenization process: Influence of the Cu composition

Performance of CZTSSe thin film solar cells fabricated using a sulfo-selenization process: Influence of the Cu composition
In this work, earth-abundant CZTSSe thin film solar cells were fabricated by sulfo-selenization of the Mo/Zn/Cu/Sn/Cu metallic precursors. The influences of morphological and compositional properties of the absorbers on performance of solar cells were investigated by tuning Cu content in the films. The Raman analysis showed that absorbers consist of a kesterite CZTSSe phase with ZnSe as a minor secondary phase. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses revealed that the surfaces are Cu depleted and Zn enriched compared with the bulk composition of the absorbers. The results indicate that during sulfo-selenization the Cu diffused into the film and the Zn towards the film surface. The performance of the solar cells initially improved with the increasing of the Cu content and then decreased. By tuning the Cu content in the absorbers, the minority-carrier life time improved from 0.8 to 1.6 ns. The power conversion efficiency increased from 5.1 to 8.03% with fine controlling of Cu composition of the CZTSSe absorbers. The diode-ideality factors are higher than 2, suggesting an increased interfacial recombination in the devices. The high ideality-factors A and low minority carrier life times may originate from surface and bulk related defects, which in turn limits the Voc and the achievable high conversion efficiency for the CZTSSe thin film solar cells.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0038092X17309659

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.